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Original Articles Home > Acta Via Serica > Archives > Original Articles
Title Mongol Impact on China: Lasting Influences with Preliminary Notes on Other Parts of the Mongol Empire
Author MORRIS ROSSABI
Volume Vol. 5 No. 2
Pages pp. 25~50 (all 25 pages)
Publication Date December, 2020
Keyword Molgols, sinicization, linking the world, cultural diffusion, Ming Dynasty
Abstract This essay, based on an oral presentation, provides the non-specialist, with an evaluation of the Mongols’ influence and China and, to a lesser extent, on Russia and the Middle East. Starting in the 1980s, specialists challenged the conventional wisdom about the Mongol Empire’s almost entirely destructive influence on global history. They asserted that Mongols promoted vital economic, social, and cultural exchanges among civilizations. Chinggis Khan, Khubilai Khan, and other rulers supported trade, adopted policies of toleration toward foreign religions, and served as patrons of the arts, architecture, and the theater. Eurasian history starts with the Mongols. Exhibitions at the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art confirmed that the Mongol era witnessed extraordinary developments in painting, ceramics, manuscript illustration, and textiles. To be sure, specialists did not ignore the destruction and killings that the Mongols engendered. This reevaluation has prompted both sophisticated analyses of the Mongols’ legacy in Eurasian history. The Ming dynasty, the Mongols’ successor in China, adopted some of the principles of Mongol military organization and tactics and were exposed to Tibetan Buddhism and Persian astronomy and medicine. The Mongols introduced agricultural techniques, porcelain, and artistic motifs to the Middle East, and supported the writing of histories. They also promoted Sufism in the Islamic world and influenced Russian government, trade, and art, among other impacts. Europeans became aware, via Marco Polo who traveled through the Mongols’ domains, of Asian products, as well as technological, scientific,and philosophical innovations in the East and were motivated to find sea routes to South and East Asia.
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