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Original Articles Home > Acta Via Serica > Archives > Original Articles
Title Pax Sinica along the Silk Road: Avant-Garde Perspectives on Eurasian Geopolitics
Volume Vol. 3 No. 2
Pages pp. 161~179 (all 19 pages)
Publication Date December, 2018
Keyword Pax Sinica, Eurasia, Geopolitics, Silk Road, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Belt and Road Initiative
Abstract Pax Sinica is a historiographical term, modeled after the original phrase Pax Romana. It refers, in Latin, to a Chinese-provided peace which in turn is used to describe an era of peace in East Asia sustained by Chinese hegemony. In historical terms, both the Pax Sinica of the Eastern hemisphere through Han China and the Pax Romana of the Western hemisphere through Rome signified a trans-regional order based on rules and regulations. This orderly world of the Pax Sinica generated a number of positive results such as the intensification of travel, ever-expanding trade relations, an increase in the overall living standards of the populace, the proliferation of cities, and a demographic upsurge in Eurasia along the ancient Silk Road. During this period, China was the dominant civilization not only in the Eastern hemisphere but also in the Middle hemisphere due to its political, economic, military and cultural influence. This paper aims to reintroduce this historiographical term to elucidate the recent Chinese initiatives in Eurasia along the Silk Road to facilitate the integration and connectivity of the continent.