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Original Articles Home > Acta Via Serica > Archives > Original Articles
Title The Split of Power in the Khwarazmshah Dynasty on the Eve of the Mongol Conquests
Author Maryam Kamali
Volume Vol. 7 No. 1
Pages pp. 29~52 (all 24 pages)
Publication Date June, 2022
Keyword Khwarazmshah Dynasty, Khwarazm, Khorasan, Transoxiana, Jebal, Mongol Invasions.
Abstract This study investigates why Khwarazmshah's rulers abandoned Khwarazm, their capital before the Mongols invaded this city. From a local dynasty in Khwarazm under the Saljuqs, the Khwarazmshah dynasty (ca.469-628/1077- 1231) rapidly expanded in the region. After conquering the Saljuqs (ca.429- 590/1037-1194), they extended their territory from Hamedan in western Iran to Samarqand in Transoxiana and beyond that to Otrar to become one of the world's great medieval empires. During this critical time, Khwarazm remained their central hub of power. However, the split in the power of the Khwarazmshah dynasty under Sultan Muhammad (ca.596-617/1200-1220) contributed to their failure to recognize the strategic role of Khwarazm in retaining and reconstructing their power. In essence, the Khwarazmshah state was divided before the Mongol Invasion.